iBATIS更新操作

管理员 ibatis

本文章向大家介绍iBATIS更新操作,主要包括iBATIS更新操作使用实例、应用技巧、基本知识点总结和需要注意事项,具有一定的参考价值,需要的朋友可以参考一下。

上一章展示了如何使用iBATIS对表进行读取操作。本章将告诉你如何在一个表中使用iBATIS更新记录。

我们已经在MySQL下有EMPLOYEE表:

CREATE TABLE EMPLOYEE (
   id INT NOT NULL auto_increment,
   first_name VARCHAR(20) default NULL,
   last_name  VARCHAR(20) default NULL,
   salary     INT  default NULL,
   PRIMARY KEY (id)
);

此表有如下只有一条记录:

mysql> select * from EMPLOYEE;
+----+------------+-----------+--------+
| id | first_name | last_name | salary |
+----+------------+-----------+--------+
|  1 | Zara       | Ali       |   5000 |
+----+------------+-----------+--------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

Employee POJO 类:

要执行UDPATE操作,需要修改Employee.java文件,如下所示:

public class Employee {
  private int id;
  private String first_name; 
  private String last_name;   
  private int salary;  

  /* Define constructors for the Employee class. */
  public Employee() {}
  
  public Employee(String fname, String lname, int salary) {
    this.first_name = fname;
    this.last_name = lname;
    this.salary = salary;
  }

 /* Here are the required method definitions */
  public int getId() {
    return id;
  }
  public void setId(int id) {
    this.id = id;
  }
  public String getFirstName() {
    return first_name;
  }
  public void setFirstName(String fname) {
    this.first_name = fname;
  }
  public String getLastName() {
    return last_name;
  }
  public void setlastName(String lname) {
    this.last_name = lname;
  }
  public int getSalary() {
    return salary;
  }
  public void setSalary(int salary) {
    this.salary = salary;
  }

 } /* End of Employee */

Employee.xml 文件:

要定义使用iBATIS SQL映射语句,我们想补充的<Update>标签Employee.xml文件,这个标签定义中,我们会定义将用于在IbatisUpdate.java文件的数据库执行SQL UPDATE查询的“id”。

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE sqlMap 
PUBLIC "-//ibatis.apache.org//DTD SQL Map 2.0//EN"
"http://ibatis.apache.org/dtd/sql-map-2.dtd">

<sqlMap namespace="Employee">
<insert id="insert" parameterClass="Employee">
   INSERT INTO EMPLOYEE(first_name, last_name, salary)
   values (#first_name#, #last_name#, #salary#)

   <selectKey resultClass="int" keyProperty="id">
      select last_insert_id() as id
   </selectKey>

</insert>

<select id="getAll" resultClass="Employee">
   SELECT * FROM EMPLOYEE
</select>

<update id="update" parameterClass="Employee">
   UPDATE EMPLOYEE
   SET    first_name = #first_name#
   WHERE  id = #id#
</update>
</sqlMap>

IbatisUpdate.java 文件:

文件将应用程序级别的逻辑来更新记录到Employee表:

import com.ibatis.common.resources.Resources;
import com.ibatis.sqlmap.client.SqlMapClient;
import com.ibatis.sqlmap.client.SqlMapClientBuilder;
import java.io.*;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.util.*;

public class IbatisUpdate{
  public static void main(String[] args)
   throws IOException,SQLException{
   Reader rd = Resources.getResourceAsReader("SqlMapConfig.xml");
   SqlMapClient smc = SqlMapClientBuilder.buildSqlMapClient(rd);

   /* This would update one record in Employee table. */
   System.out.println("Going to update record.....");
   Employee rec = new Employee();
   rec.setId(1);
   rec.setFirstName( "Roma");
   smc.update("Employee.update", rec );
   System.out.println("Record updated Successfully ");

   System.out.println("Going to read records.....");
   List <Employee> ems = (List<Employee>)
                  smc.queryForList("Employee.getAll", null);
   Employee em = null;
   for (Employee e : ems) {
      System.out.print("  " + e.getId());
      System.out.print("  " + e.getFirstName());
      System.out.print("  " + e.getLastName());
      System.out.print("  " + e.getSalary());
      em = e; 
      System.out.println("");
   }    

   System.out.println("Records Read Successfully ");

  }
} 

编译和运行:

下面是步骤来编译并运行上述软件。请确保您已在进行的编译和执行之前,适当地设置PATH和CLASSPATH。

  • 创建Employee.xml如上所示。

  • 创建Employee.java如上图所示,并编译它。

  • 创建IbatisUpdate.java如上图所示,并编译它。

  • 执行IbatisUpdate二进制文件来运行程序。

得到下面的结果,并创建纪录在EMPLOYEE表进行更新和更高版本相同的记录将从EMPLOYEE表中读出。

Going to update record.....
Record updated Successfully
Going to read records.....
  1  Roma  Ali  5000
Records Read Successfully